Modern maps are created using Geographical Information System (GIS) and there are two types of primary data used to map both printed and digital maps, namely vector data and raster data. Both these data are combining in order to obtain all kinds of maps. During the mapping processes, different data conversion and data management are required to get the desired result. In the following paragraphs, you will discover few details regarding data conversion and data management in GIS environments and GIS maps production.
Since the ancient time, Cartography has an important role in human society. Moreover, the results of this domain, namely maps, have been a decisive tool in political movements, geographical discoveries and wars to conquer new territories. Having such a long history and many important roles in the actual geopolitical aspect of the world, cartography and maps have developed simultaneously with technology.
How to Take an Advantage of csv2geo to Convert Address to Latitude and Longitude in Endangered Species Problem in North America?
The problem of species extinction is greatly common nowadays. Unfortunately, a tremendous number of species have been extinct in the last decades at the global scale and numerous other species are under the pressure of extinction now. North America has also an important number of species those are endangered. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), currently more than 1,300 endangered species are counted in North America. This fantastic number of endangered species represents a real problem for the wildlife management in North America.
Crime and human communities
Despite the fact that human society has evolved during the centuries, violence and crime incidents are still present among humans. Moreover, big cities are some of those human communities having the highest rate of crime incidents. Consequently, these communities need some solutions to reduce and prevent such undesired human actions.
We are sure that you have seen many movies where detectives and criminal investigators were using different maps plotted on walls and pins were showing each crime on a certain area. Well, this way of marking crime events was specific for the 70’s or 80’s. Nowadays, based on the increasing of geospatial data and development of numerous Geographic Information System (GIS) software, crime mapping has evolved and it can be done more accurate, easier and more intuitive.
Tourism as a major economic field in modern global economy
Nowadays, tourism is one of the most important economic domains contributing to the global economy. Similar to other economic fields, tourism is highly influenced by the emerging technological applications that are released constantly. Technology and information technology development plays an essential role in tourism expansion and development.
Between tourism and location should use the sign of equal. Consequently, location based services in the tourism industry are necessary nowadays.
In the tourism industry, each attraction or hotel receive numerous pins or identifiers such as address, photos, descriptions and telephone numbers. But the most important identifiers are represented by geographic location and address because in order to reach any location on Earth you need to have the geographic coordinates of that point.
Moreover, even if you know the geographic location and you are in a big city, you have to know the address of that point. Due to this, geographic coordinates must be transformed into an address location. However, the reverse process is also necessary, since you may know the address of your hotel, but you don’t know exactly its geographical location. Due to this, it is necessary to transform the postal address into geographic coordinates. These processes of geographic location and postal address conversions are called geocoding, respectively reverse geocoding.
Geography as a great business
Nowadays, location is a key feature of our lives. Since maps are present everywhere nowadays – outdoor kiosks, automobile dashboards, smart phones and other mobile devices - maps are used by millions of people in a wide range of domains, all over the world. Consequently, geography is a major business and large amounts of money are involved in location industries and geospatial data providers.
What is location intelligence?
Location intelligence (LI), known as spatial intelligence, is defined as the methods and tools that interconnect geospatial information to business data. The aim of location intelligence is to identify the relationships and patterns of decision-making. Without a spatial representation decision-making process may be rather complex.
LI can be segmented by service, by geography, by organization size, by application and by industry.
Geocoding, along with converting latitude and longitude of a physical address, is becoming inseparable with our daily lives. Conversely, without the use of latitude and longitude coordinates, the online industry will collapse. Passing the address and expecting to obtain exact geolocation in return sounds like an easy assignment. However, not every batch geocoder is designed to handle the function properly. For example, consider the inclusion of the secondary unit designators typically attached to an address. The secondary unit designators represent additional information designed to guide the user in finding the address. Examples of such designators are:
The list of designators can continue indefinitely.
The first and foremost rule to follow during a door-to-door canvassing campaign is safety. To make sure everyone is safe, special attention of the campaign manager and the team members should be paid to safety and security. Ordinarily, the campaign manager will go over security precautions during dry training and will explain the rules for other canvassers to adhere. Here is a list of some guidelines for the establishment of canvassing safety.
All campaign managers, both new and experienced, are often faced with a question, what is canvassing? The question itself goes beyond geolocation, mapping, or door-to-door canvassingsoftware. It is primarily related to the management. Gone are the days when Abraham Lincoln canvassed the rural areas in Illinois to determine travelling salesman patterns. Now, political canvassing involves a full job management, equipped with technology.
When it comes to political canvassing, the whole team is responsible for managing the campaign, rather than it being a task for the campaign manager. Managing such a campaign requires being able to work under the pressure of tight deadlines and uncertainty.